A Comprehensive Guide to Batik Print - Kutchi Bazaar

 

The handcrafted Indian Ethnic wear represents our precious heritage known for its quality, richness and variety. We live in a place where we are associated with rich colors and fabulous prints, unique from region to region. These amazing unique prints are inspired by historical temples, architecture and historical forts. The designs have been transferred from generation to generation and are still practiced by talented artisans. One of the most talented unique designs is the beautiful Batik Print, which we will discuss through our comprehensive guide.

What is Batik?

Batik is an ancient art wax-resist dyeing technique that uses the combination of wax and dyes which is used to create dyes on the fabric. The beautiful technique is originated in Java Indonesian islands and hence, people also tend to call it the Javanese technique. It is said that the term is derived from the word “Ambatik, “ which means the piece of cloth with the writing of wax, broken lines and tiny dots. Hence, the art is originated in Indonesia and became popular in countries like Sri Lanka, Malaysia, India, Africa and China.

Batik is a three-step process involving waxing, dyeing, and removing (scraping). Beautiful handcrafted designs are made on fabric by applying the wax to certain areas, later released by boiling and scrapping the materials.

History of Batik

There are various theories on the internet stating the origin of batik printing which differs from place to place. You can get some of the best batik prints from Java, Indonesia, where they originated, and some of the oldest batik activities come from Ponoroga.

Talking about the batik print history in India, it is said to have originated around 2000 years ago. Earlier, rice starch and wax are used on the fabric for creating the designs. The Khatri community of Gujarat is responsible for setting up the art of this amazing printing. Traditionally, the batik printed is created on cotton and silk clothes. But with the continuous evolution, these prints are applied to other stuff such as wall hangings, murals and household items. During the 1980s, most deaf women used to practice the art of creating a print with the help of batik print.

Why is Batik Print so special?

What makes batik print so unique? The intricate designs along with their longevity make batik designs so special. The beautiful batik print has its roots in Indonesian textile design which is still being followed and practiced worldwide. You will also find that these prints are used to express unique ideas and spiritual beliefs.

The cultural heritage through which the batik is connected to the island of Indonesia along with India and various counties makes it special. The impact of this technique is so strong that it is shared across the globe in multiple formats.

Making Process of Batik

The creation of batik print is labor-intensive and time-consuming, and it is usually divided into several stages, which take days to complete the designs.

The cloth is soaked, washed, and beaten in a giant mallet in the first step. Beautiful patterns are created with the help of a pencil which is later being re-drawn with the help of hot wax. The wax is later applied with the use of the pen-like tool, popularly known as the canting. A canting is a small tool with a small reservoir with a spout of the wooden handle. The pool helps flow the melted wax through which you can create dots and lines as it moves. A stiff brush with a more extensive reservoir is used to make the larger lines.

Alternatively, you will also find a copper block stamp used as a cap that helps cover the larger areas.

Once the wax is dry, it is removed by boiling or scraping the cloth. The areas where the wax was applied will remain the same as the fabric's color. Hence, you can see a fantastic contract between dyed and undyed areas, leading to the formation of amazing designs.

Equipment Used in Creation of Batik Print

Certain instruments are used in the creation of the batik print. Below, we list down some of the popular batik print instruments.

The TJAP

TJAP is a particular block that is made up of copper string. It is hand worked and fitted into the copper lattice held in a place by the solder. The block comes with all-metal construction, and the block is dipped into wax, then printed onto the fabric.

The Tjanting

The Canting or Tjanting is another popular tool that is used for design. Here, the design is made with the help of melting wax. It comes with a small cup made of a thin copper sheet in the front. It has a tubular-shaped spout on the front. Depending on the thickness of the line, the diameter of the spout is varied.

Batik and Indian Ethnic Wear

The batik outfit is created with quite a lot of effort. As discussed above, the complete procedure took a lot of effort to complete the designs. The state of Gujarat is popularly known for its batik work in India. The region of Kutch is popular for some the exquisite prints done by the artisans who have been continuing this legacy which was taught by their ancestors. Some of the popular batik dresses for women popularly famous in Gujarat are the Batik saree and Batik Dupattas. Many people visit Kutch to buy the batik dresses for themselves. Huge varieties of batik apparel such as the Batik Suit Material, Batik Stoles and Batik fabric are exported all across the country.